Accident

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Definitions

European Definitions

EU Directive 2004/49/EC

(For the Railway (Transport) Sector) An unwanted or unintended sudden event or a specific chain of such events which have harmful consequences; accidents are divided into the following categories: collisions, derailments, level-crossing accidents, accidents to persons caused by rolling stock in motion, fires and other. [1]

CENELEC

(For the Railway (Transport) Sector) An unintended event or series of events that results in death, injury, loss of a system or service, or environmental damage [2].

Other International Definitions

Accident is an unintended event or series of events that results in harm. [3]

IAEA

Accident is any unintended event, including operating errors, equipment failures and other mishaps, the consequences or potential consequences of which are not negligible from the point of view of protection or safety. [4]

National Definitions

Argentina

Accidente: evento adverso, no premeditado y no previsible, que se presenta en forma súbita, altera el curso regular de los acontecimientos, causa daños humanos y/o materiales. [5]


Australia

A sudden event in which harm is caused to people, property or the built or natural environment. [6]

Brazil

Acidente: Evento definido ou seqüência de eventos fortuitos e não planejados, que dão origem a uma conseqüência específica e indesejada, em termos de danos humanos, materiais ou ambientais. [7]


Bulgaria

"Accident" shall denote a large-scale incident, affecting roads, highways and air traffic, destruction of hydro-technical installations, incidents, caused by activities at sea, nuclear incidents and other environmental and industrial accidents, caused by human activity or acts. [8]

Авария: е инцидент от голям мащаб, включващ пътища, магистрали и въздушен трафик, пожар, разрушаване на хидротехнически съоръжения, инциденти, причинени от дейности в морето, ядрени инциденти и други екологични и промишлени аварии, причинени от дейности или действия на човека. [9]

Canada

An unintended, unplanned and unexpected event that interrupts an activity and sometimes causes injury or damage.

Événement involontaire, non planifié et imprévu qui interrompt une activité et qui entraîne parfois des blessures ou des dommages. [10]


Accident: out événement imprévu et soudain qui cause, ou est susceptible de causer, des lésions à des personnes ou des dommages à des bâtiments, à des installations, à des matériaux ou à l’environnement. (OCDE, 1992)[10]

Denmark

Hændelser er ulykker (såsom brand, sammenstyrtning og udslip), der kan ske i relation til risikoobjekter og som kan føre til skader på personer, ejendom eller miljø. [11]


Finland

Onnettomuus: äkillinen, odottamaton ja tahaton tapahtuma, jolla on vahingolliset seuraukset.

Accident is a sudden, unexpected and unintentional event with harmful consequences. -unofficial translation- [12]


Mexico

Accidente: Suceso fortuito e incontrolado, capaz de producir daños. [13]


Netherlands

[HEALTH sector] Ongeval is een ongewenste gebeurtenis of reeks van ongewenste gebeurtenissen, welke leidt tot verwonding, beroepsziekte of schade aan, dan wel verlies van apparatuur of eigendom. [14]


Romania

Accident: Eveniment subit, întâmplare neprevăzută, de regulă violent(ă), venit(ă) pe neaşteptate, curmând o situaţie normală, având drept cauză activitatea umană, dar produs(ă) independent de voinţa victimei; se caracterizează prin aceea că, de regulă, constituie cauza unei/unor vătămări corporale. [15]


Tanzania

Accident: A man-made transport type of disaster comprising of air, marine, road, and rail crash which suddenly destroys life, property and quite often the environment. [16]


Standard Definition

ISA

An accident is an unplanned and undesired loss event. [17]


See also


Notes

  1. Directive 2004/49/EC Railway Safety Directive amending 2001/14/EC & 95/18/EC
  2. EN 50129 - Railway applications-Communications, signalling and processing systems- Safety related electronic systems for signalling
  3. Engineering Safety Management, issue 4, “Yellow Book 4”, ISBN 978-0-9551435-2-6
  4. IAEA Nuclear Energy Series No. NP-T-3.12
  5. Glosario Comites Emergencia Argentina
  6. Australian Emergency Management Glossary, Emergency Management Australia (1998)
  7. GLOSSÁRIO DE DEFESA CIVIL ESTUDOS DE RISCOS E MEDICINA DE DESASTRES, Ministério da Integração Nacional, Brazil
  8. Disaster Protection Act; Promulgated, State Gazette, No.102/19.12.2006 (2006)
  9. ЗАКОН за защита при бедствия
  10. 10.0 10.1 Vocabulaire de la gestion des urgencies/Emergency Management Emergency Management Vocabulary 281 (2012)
  11. [HÅNDBOG I RISIKOBASERET DIMENSIONERING, Beredskabsstyrelsen, Denmark (2004)]
  12. Vocabulary of Comprehensive Security. Helsinki (TSK 47) (2014)
  13. GUÍA PARA LA PRESENTACIÓN DEL ESTUDIO DE RIESGO MODALIDAD ANALISIS DE RIESGO, Mexico
  14. Patiëntveiligheid Definitielijst (2005)
  15. GLOSAR de termeni din domeniul ordinii şi siguranţei publice, MINISTERUL ADMINISTRAŢIEI ŞI INTERNELOR DIRECŢIA GENERALĂ ORGANIZARE, PLANIFICARE MISIUNI ŞI RESURSE
  16. United Republic of Tanzania National Operational Guidelines for Disaster Management 2003
  17. ISA WG7 definition