Adaptation

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The definitions below refer to Adaptation to Climate Change.

Definitions

European Definitions

CLIMATE-ADAPT

Adaptation: Adjustment in natural or human systems in response to actual or expected climatic stimuli or their effects, which moderates harm or exploits beneficial opportunities. Various types of adaptation can be distinguished, including anticipatory, autonomous and planned adaptation. [1]


RESIN project

The RESIN project [2] gives the following definition:

The process of adjustment to actual or expected climate, and its effects. [3]


Other International Definitions

OECD

Adaptation - Practical steps to protect countries and communities from the likely disruption and damage that will result from effects of climate change. [4]

Adaptation - Is a process by which strategies to moderate, cope with and take advantage of the consequences of climatic events are enhanced, developed, and implemented. [5]


UNISDR/IPCC

Adaptation: The adjustment in natural or human systems in response to actual or expected climatic stimuli or their effects, which moderates harm or exploits beneficial opportunities. [6]

Adaptation: L’ajustement dans les systèmes naturels ou humains en réponse à des changements climatiques actuels ou attendus, ou à leurs effets, qui atténue les dommages ou en valorise les bénéfices. [7]

Адаптация: Корректировка природных или созданных человеком систем в ответ на фактические или ожидаемые климатические воздействия или их последствия, которая снижает вред или использует благоприятные возможности. [8]

Adaptación al cambio climático: Un ajuste en los sistemas naturales o humanos como respuesta a los estímulos climáticos reales o esperados o sus efectos los cuales moderan el daño o explotan las oportunidades beneficiosas. [9]

Adaptasi: Penyesuaian sistem alam atau manusia terhadap stimulus iklim nyata atau yang diharapkan serta dampak-dampaknya, yang mengendalikan kerugian atau mengeksploitasi kesempatankesempatan yang memberi manfaat. [10]

التكيّف: التعديل في الأنظمة البشرية أو الطبيعية استجابة لمؤثرات مناخية فعلية أو متوقعة أو لآثارها، بشكل يقلل من الضرر أو الاستفادة من الفرص المتاحة [11]

Penyesuaian: Keselarasan dalam sistem manusia atau semula jadi sebagai respons kepada rangsangan iklim yang dijangkakan berlaku atau benar-benar berlaku, atau kesannya. Penyesuaian ini menyederhanakan kerosakan atau mengeksploitasi peluang yang bermanfaat. [12]


National Definitions

Australia

Adaptation: Adjustment in natural or human systems to a new or changing environment. [13]
Adaptation to climate change refers to adjustment in response to actual or expected climatic stimuli or their effects, which moderates harm or exploits beneficial opportunities. Various types of adaptation can be distinguished, including anticipatory and reactive adaptation, public and private adaptation, and autonomous and planned adaptation.

Brazil

Adaptação à mudança do clima é o processo de ajuste ao clima atual ou futuro e seus efeitos. Em sistemas humanos, a adaptação procura mitigar, evitar danos ou explorar oportunidades benéficas. Em sistemas naturais, a intervenção humana pode facilitar o ajuste ao clima futuro e seus efeitos (IPCC, 2014). [14]

Adaptação: Iniciativas e medidas para reduzir a vulnerabilidade dos sistemas naturais e humanos frente aos efeitos atuais e esperados da mudança do clima. [15]


Denmark

Klimatilpasning er svar på eksisterende eller forventede effekter af klimaændringer. [16]
Klimatilpasning modererer skaden eller udnytter fordelene ved klimaforandringer. Der findes forskellige former for tilpasning heriblandt naturlig og planlagt tilpasning.

Dominican Republic

Adaptación: ajuste en los sistemas naturales o humanos en respuesta a los estímulos climáticos reales o esperados, o sus efectos, que moderan el daño o explotan las oportunidades beneficiosas. [17]


France

Adaptation: Accommodation des systèmes naturels ou des systèmes humains aux stimuli climatiques réels ou prévus ou à leurs effets, afin d’en atténuer les inconvénients ou d’en exploiter les avantages (GIEC, 2007). [18]


Germany

Anpassung umfasst Initiativen und Maßnahmen, um die Empfindlichkeit natürlicher und menschlicher Systeme gegenüber tatsächlichen oder erwarteten Auswirkungen der Klimaänderung zu verringern. [19]
Es können verschiedene Arten von Anpassungen unterschieden werden, darunter vorausschauende und reaktive, private und öffentliche, autonome und geplante Anpassung. Beispiele sind die Erhöhung von Fluss- und Küstendeichen, der Einsatz von Pflanzen, die besser mit Temperaturschocks umgehen können.

Adaptation denotes measures used to equip natural and artificial systems to survive the effects of climate change while suffering as little harm as possible. [20]

The measures cover a wide range. Some take precautions, others respond to changes that have already taken place. Some are initiated by the state, others by private organisations or affected individuals. Some occur independently, others are planned.

Jamaica

Adaptation; Adjustment in natural or human systems in response to actualor expected climatic stimuli or their effects, which moderates harm or exploits beneficial opportunities (IPCC 2007). [21]


(States of) Jersey

Adaptation: the process of adjustment to actual or expected climate and its effects. [22]
In human systems, adaptation seeks to moderate harm or exploit beneficial opportunities. In natural systems, human intervention may facilitate adjustment to expected climate and its effects.

Jordan

Adaptation is adjustment in natural or human systems in response to actual or expected climatic stimuli or their effects, which moderates harm or exploits beneficial opportunities. [23]


Kiribati

Karaoan te waaki ae boou (kangaraoi): Karaoan te bwai ae boou ke ae kaokoro ma are ko bon tataneiai ni karaoia ke te botannaomata n taai aika a kan nako ni kaangaraoi ko ma bibitakin kanoan boong. [24]

Adaptation means doing something new or different to what you, your family, or the community did in the past in order to adapt to climate change.

E katuruturuaki riki te kaangaraoi aei nakon bibitakin kanoan boong. (Bangken te Aonnaaba.) [25]
Adaptation refers to efforts to protect against climate change impacts. (World Bank 2000)


Mexico

Adaptación: Ajuste de los sistemas humanos o naturales frente a entornos nuevos o cambiantes. [26]
La adaptación al cambio climático se refiere a los ajustes en sistemas humanos o naturales como respuesta a estímulos climáticos proyectados o reales, o sus efectos, que pueden moderar el daño o aprovechar sus aspectos beneficiosos. Se pueden distinguir varios tipos de adaptación, entre ellas la preventiva y la reactiva, la pública y privada, o la autónoma y la planificada.

Nepal

Adaptation: An adjustment in natural or human systems to a new or changing environment. [27]
Adaptation to climate change refers to adjustment in natural or human systems in response to actual or expected climatic stimuli or their effects, which moderates harm or exploits beneficial opportunities.

Netherlands

Adaptatie is aanpassing aan klimaatverandering. [28]

The measures cover a wide range. Some take precautions, others respond to changes that have already taken place. Some are initiated by the state, others by private organisations or affected individuals. Some occur independently, others are planned.

Peru

Adaptación al cambio climático: Ajuste que realizan los sistemas humanos o naturales en respuesta a los estímulos climáticos reales o esperados, o a sus efectos, que atenúa los efectos perjudiciales o aprovecha las oportunidades beneficiosas. [29]


Republic of Korea

Adaptation(적응) 실제상의 혹은 예상되는 기후 자극이나 이들의 영향에 대응하는 자연계 또는 인간계의 순응을 의미하며, 이를 통해 손실을 줄이고 유익한 기회를 활용할 수 있다. 다양한 형태의 적응으로 분류될 수 있으며, 선행적 (anticipatory), 자발적(autonomous) 및 계획적 (planned) 적응이 포함된다. [30]


Rwanda

Adaptation In human systems, the process of adjustment to actual or expected climate and its effects, in order to moderate harm or exploit beneficial opportunities. In natural systems, the process of adjustment to actual climate and its effects; human intervention may facilitate adjustment to expected climate (source: IPCC). [31]


South Africa

Adaptation means anticipating the adverse effects of climate change and taking appropriate action to prevent or minimise the damage they can cause, or taking advantage of opportunities that may arise. [32]


United Kingdom (UK)

Adaptation is a change in natural or human systems in response to the impacts of climate change. [33]

These changes moderate harm or exploit beneficial opportunities and can be in response to actual or expected impacts. There are various types of adaptation, such as:

  1. Planned adaptation – the result of a deliberate policy decision, and most likely include action that is required to return to, maintain, or achieve, a desired state.
  2. Maladaptation – could mean either (1) any changes in natural or human systems which inadvertently increase vulnerability to the hazards of climate change; (2) an adaptation that does not succeed in reducing vulnerability but increases it instead; (3) spending a disproportionate amount of effort and investment on adaptation beyond what is required.
  3. No regret (adaptation) options – could be activities which would provide immediate economic and environmental benefits and continue to be worthwhile regardless of future climate. They

would be justified under all plausible future scenarios, including without climate change.

Adaptation - The process or outcome of a process that leads to a reduction in harm or risk of harm, or realisation of benefits associated with climate variability and climate change. [34]


Other Definitions

Scotland

Climate change adaptation: Adjustment in natural or human systems in response to actual or expected climatic stimuli or their effects, which moderates harm or exploits beneficial opportunities. [35]

Adaptation: The adjustment in economic, social or natural systems in response to actual or expected climatic change, to limit harmful consequences and exploit beneficial opportunities. [36]


Standard Definition

Discussion Topic

See also

Notes

  1. European Climate Adaptation Platform (CLIMATE-ADAPT) Glossary
  2. http://www.resin-cities.eu/
  3. Mach, K.J., S. Planton and C. von Stechow (eds.). Climate Change 2014: Synthesis Report. Contribution of Working Groups I, II and III to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Annex II: Glossary. [Core Writing Team, R.K. Pachauri and L.A. Meyer (eds.)]. IPCC, Geneva, Switzerland, pp. 117-130.
  4. ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE: KEY TERMS, E. Levina and D. Terpak, OECD (2006) derived from UNFCCC Secretariat
  5. ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE: KEY TERMS, E. Levina and D. Terpak, OECD (2006) derived from UNDP
  6. UNISDR glossary
  7. UNISDR glossary
  8. UNISDR glossary
  9. UNISDR glossary
  10. UNISDR glossary in Bahasa
  11. UNISDR glossary
  12. UNISDR glossary in Malay
  13. Health impacts of climate change: Adaptation strategies for western Australia (2008)
  14. Ministério do Meio Ambiente
  15. REDD+ Brazil Glossário
  16. Klimatilpasning Ordliste)
  17. NATIONAL COUNCIL FOR CLIMATE CHANGE AND THE CLEAN DEVELOPMENT MECHANISM -CNCCMDL, Dominican Republic
  18. Changement climatique : glossaire des définitions
  19. Deutsche Anpassungsstrategie an den Klimawandel, Bundeskabinett, 17. Dezember 2008
  20. Combating Climate Change: The German Adaptation Strategy
  21. Climate Change Policy Framework for Jamaica (2015)
  22. States of Jersey Future-proofing Jersey: Building Resilience for the 21st Century (2015)
  23. The National Climate Change Policy of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan 2013-2020
  24. Kiribati BI-LINGUAL GLOSSARY OF CLIMATE CHANGE TERMS, Original translations by Dr Temakei Tebano & Etita Teiabauri, 2008
  25. Kiribati BI-LINGUAL GLOSSARY OF CLIMATE CHANGE TERMS, Original translations by Dr Temakei Tebano & Etita Teiabauri, 2008
  26. Glosario IPCC, Mexico
  27. Climate Change and Community Based Adaptation Planning Training Manual, Government of Nepal (2015)
  28. Aanpassen met ambitie - Nationale klimaatadaptatiestrategie (NAS) 2016
  29. Glosario at Portal de Cambio Climátoco
  30. Climate Change Handbook, Korea (2009)
  31. BASELINE CLIMATE CHANGE VULNERABILITY INDEX FOR RWANDA 2015
  32. South Africa National Adaptation Strategy - Draft for comments 2016
  33. The National Adaptation Programme: Making the country resilient to a changing climate, UK Government (2013)
  34. ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE: KEY TERMS, E. Levina and D. Terpak, OECD (2006) derived from UK Climate Impact Programme (UKCIP, 2003)
  35. Preparing for a Changing Climate: Second Consultation to Inform Scotland's Climate Change Adaptation Framework
  36. SCOTLAND’S CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION FRAMEWORK (2009)

References