Climate Change

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The definitions below refer to Adaptation to Climate Change.

Definitions

European Definitions

CLIMATE-ADAPT

Climate change refers to any change in climate over time, whether due to natural variability or as a result of human activity. [1]
This usage differs from that in the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), which defines 'climate change' as: 'a change of climate which is attributed directly or indirectly to human activity that alters the composition of the global atmosphere and which is in addition to natural climate variability observed over comparable time periods'.

Climate change can be framed in different ways; an inventory has been made by the Dutch Climate Changes Spatial Planning research programme.

RESIN project

The RESIN project [2] gives the following definition:

Climate change refers to a change in the state of the climate that can be identified (e.g., by using statistical tests) by changes in the mean and/or the variability of its properties, and that persists for an extended period, typically decades or longer [3]


Other International Definitions

International Energy Agency (IEA)

Climate change is the change in climate (i.e. regional temperature, precipitation, extreme weather, etc.) caused by increase in the greenhouse effect. [4]

OECD

Climate change – A change of climate which is attributed directly or indirectly to human activity that alters the composition of the global atmosphere and which is in addition to natural climate variability observed over comparable time periods. [5]


UNISDR/IPCC

Climate change refers to a change in the state of the climate that can be identified (e.g. using statistical tests) by changes in the mean and/or the variability of these properties and that persists for an extended period, typically decades or longer. [6]

Changements de climat qui sont attribués directement ou indirectement à une activité humaine altérant la composition de ’atmosphere mondiale et qui viennent s’ajouter à la variabilité naturelle du climat observée au cours de périodes comparables. [7]

Cambio del clima atribuido directa o indirectamente a actividades humanas que alteran la composición de la atmósfera mundial, y que viene a añadirse a la variabilidad natural del clima observada durante periodos de tiempo comparables. [8]

Изменение климата: (а) Межправительственная группа экспертов по изменению климата (МГЭИК) разработала следующее определение термина “изменение климата”: “изменение состояния климата, которое может быть определено (например, с помощью статистических испытаний) через изменения в среднем значении и (или) изменчивость его свойств и которое сохраняется в течение длительного периода, обычно несколько десятилетий или больше. Изменение климата может быть связано с естественными процессами, либо с постоянными антропогенными изменениями в атмосфере или землепользовании.” [9]

تغير المناخ: أ. تعريف الهيئة الحكومية الدولية المعنية بتغير المناخ “تغيير في حالة المناخ يمكن تشخيصه )باستخدام الاختبارات الإحصائية مثلا( من خلال التغييرات التي تطرأ على المتوسط الحسابي و/ أو على المتقلبية لصفاته، والتي تستمر لفترات طويلة من الزمن تمتد عقودا أو أطول. ويمكن أن يحدث تغير المناخ نتيجة لعوامل طبيعية أو عوامل خارجية مستمرة أو نتيجة التغييرات الحثيثة في تكوين الغلاف الجوي بسبب الأنشطة البشرية أو نتيجة لاستخدامات الأراضي [10]

Perubahan iklim: (a) Panel AntarPemerintah tentang Perubahan Iklim (Inter-governmental Panel on Climate Change/IPCC) mengartikan perubahan iklim sebagai: “satu perubahan kodisi iklim yang dapat diidentifikasi (misalnya dengan menggunakan uji statistik) melalui melalui perubahan rata-rata dan/atau variabilits ciri-cirinya dan yang terus berlangsung hingga waktu yang berkepanjangan, biasanya selama beberapa dekade atau lebih lama lagi. Perubahan iklim bisa disebabkan proses-proses internal alam atau kekuatan eksternal, atau perubahan antropogenik yang terus berlangsung dalam komposisi atmosfer atau tata guna lahan.” [11]

Perubahan Iklim: (a) Panel Perubahan Iklim Antara Kerajaan (IPCC) mendefinisikan perubahan iklim sebagai suatu perubahan iklim yang dapat dikenal pasti (contoh, dengan menggunakan ujian statistik) oleh perubahan keadaan dan/atau kebolehubahan ciri-cirinya, dan ia dapat bertahan untuk jangka masa panjang, biasanya berdekad atau lebih. Perubahan iklim mungkin disebabkan kejadian dalaman semula jadi atau faktor luaran paksaan, atau perubahan antropogenik yang terus-menerus berlaku di atmosfera atau daripada penggunaan tanah.” [12]

Pagbabago ng Klima a) Ang Inter-governmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) ay nagpapakahulugan sa pagbabago ng klima bilang “isang pagbabago sa estado ng klima na maaring matukoy (hal. sa paggamit ng istatistikong pagsusuri), sa pamamagitan ng pagbabagu-bago ng tahas at dating mga katangian nito at nagpapatuloy sa mas mahabang panahon – karaniwang sa loob ng mga dekada o higit pa. Ang pagbabago ng klima ay maaaring dulot ngmga natural na prosesong panloob o panlabas na pwersa, o ng walanghumpay na mga aktibidad ng mga tao na makakaapekto sa komposisyon ng atmospera/kalawakan o sa gamit ng lupa. b) Ang United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) ay nagpapakahulugan sa pagbabago ng klima bilang “isang pagbabago ng klima na maiuugnay ng tuwiran o di-tuwiran sa aktibidad ng tao na nagpapabago sa komposisyon ng pandaigdigang atmospera na siyang nakadaragdag sa pabagu-bagong natural na klimang naoobserbahan sa mapaghahambing na mga panahong nakalipas.” [13]


UNDHA

Climatic change: Change observed in the climate on a global, regional or sub-regional scale caused by natural processes and/or human activity. [14]

Cambio climático: Cambio observado en el clima, bajo una escala global, regional o subregional causado por procesos naturales y/o actividad humana. [14]

Changement climatique: Modification du climat à une échelle globale, régionale ou subrégionale résultant de processus naturels et/ou de l'activité humaine. [14]


World Economic Forum

Climate Change is the change of climate which is attributed directly or indirectly to human activity that alters the composition of the global atmosphere, in addition to natural climate variability. [15]


WMO

See: IPCC definitions above

National Definitions

Australia

Climate change refers to any change in climate over time, whether due to natural variability or as a result of human activity. [16]


Belgium

Veranderingen in het klimaat ontstaan door wijzigingen in de energiebalans van de aarde. [17]


Brazil

Mudanças Climáticas: Mudanças no estado médio do clima e na sua variabilidade que persiste durante um tempo prolongado e altera a composição da atmosfera mundial. [18]
Podem ser naturais ou provocadas direta ou indiretamente pelo homem.

Colombia

Cambio climático: cambio significativo observado en el clima de una región entre dos períodos de referencia. [19]


Denmark

Klimaforandring referer til enhver ændring af klimaet over tid, uanset om det skyldes naturlig variation eller menneskelig påvirkning. [20]


Estonia

Kliimamuutus tähendab muutust Maakera kliimas, mille Maa atmosfääri koostise muutmise kaudu otseselt või kaudselt põhjustab inimtegevus ning mis ilmneb lisaks kliima looduslikule varieerumisele võrreldavatel ajaperioodidel. [21]


France

Changement climatique: Variation du climat due à des facteurs naturels ou humains. [22]


Guatemala

Climate Change: Long term fluctuations in climate (typically longer than a standard 30 day averaging period). [23]


Honduras

Climate change: A non-random change in climate that is measured over several decades or longer. [24]
The change may be due to natural or human-induced causes.

India

Climate change: காலநிைல மா+ற [25]


Ireland

Climate Change refers to any significant change in the measures of climate lasting for an extended period of time. [26]


Jamaica

Climate change: A change of climate which is attributed directly or indirectly to human activity that alters the composition of the global atmosphere and is in addition to natural climate variability observed over comparable time periods. [27]


(States of) Jersey

Climate change:
(1) Any change in climate over time, whether due to natural variability or as a result of human activity (the European Climate Adaptation Platform).
(2) A change of climate which is attributed directly or indirectly to human activity that alters the composition of the global atmosphere and which is in addition to natural climate variability observed over comparable time periods' (United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)). [28]


Jordan

Climate change means a change of climate which is attributed directly or indirectly to human activity that alters the composition of the global atmosphere and which is in addition to natural climate variability observed over comparable time periods. [29]


Kiribati

Bibitakin kanoan te bong: Riirikiraken kabuebuen te aonnaba n te aro ae karaurau are riki man kanakoan taian kaeti ake a taua te kabuebrakan te kabuebue, n aron te manen-ang man te ikeike ao te kaeti man nakotaari ao mkan maangee e nooraki naba bitakina man rakan te kabuebue tee ea ao taari ao baika a raka n riki (n aron te mautakataka ao te ieka. [30]

Climate change is the change to the earth’s climate that is occuring as a result of global warming. Climate change is the gradual warming of the earth’s atmosphere caused by emissions of heat-absorbing greenhouse gases, such as carbon dioxide and methane.


Malaysia

Perubahan iklim merujuk kepada perubahan signifikan statistik dalam purata keadaan iklim ataupun kepelbagaiannya, untuk jangkamasa yang panjang (biasanya dekad atau lebih). [31]
Perubahan iklim berlaku mungkin kerana proses semulajadi dalaman bumi, pendorong luaran, ataupun perubahan antropogenik terus menerus dalam komposisi atmosfera dan penggunaan tanah.

Mexico

Cambio climático: Importante variación estadística en el estado medio del clima o en su variabilidad, que persiste durante un período prolongado (normalmente decenios o incluso más). [32]


Nepal

Climate Change: A statistically significant variation in either the mean state of the climate or in its variability, persisting for an extended period (typically three decades or more). [33]


Netherlands

Klimaatverandering is de verandering van het gemiddelde weertype of klimaat over een bepaalde periode. [34]


Peru

Cambio climático: Variación estadísticamente significativa, fuere de las condiciones climáticas medias o de su variabilidad, que se mantiene durante un período prolongado (generalmente durante decenios o más tiempo). [35]
El cambio climático puede deberse a procesos naturales internos, a presiones externas, o a cambios antropógenos duraderos en la composición de la atmósfera o en el uso de la tierra.

Cambio climático: Cambio observado en el clima a escala global, regional o subregional, causado por procesos naturales y/o inducidos por el hombre. [36]


Philippines

Ang climate change ay ang pagbabago ng klima o panahon dahil sa pagtaas ng mg greenhouse gases na nagpapainit sa mundo. [37]
Nagdudulot ito ng mga sakuna kagaya ng heatwave, baha at tagtuyot na maaaring magdulot ng pagkakasakit o pagkamatay. Kapag tumaas ang temperatura ng mundo, dadami ang mga sakit kagaya ng dengue, diarrhea, malnutrisyon at iba pa.

Spain

Cambio climático: cambio significativo observado en el clima de una región entre dos períodos de referencia. [19]


Thailand

ลักษณะทั้งหมดที่เกี่ยวข้องกับอากาศ เช่น อุณหภูมิ ฝน ลม เป็นต้น (ดูความหมายของ climate และ weather คลิ๊กที่นี่) [38]


United Kingdom (UK)

Climate change refers to a change in the state of the climate, which can be identified by changes in average climate characteristics which persist for an extended period, typically decades or longer. [39]

Climate change: Refers to any change in climate over time, whether due to natural variability or as a result of human activity. [40]


United States

AMS
Climate change (also called climatic change): any systematic change in the long-term statistics of climate elements (such as temperature, pressure, or winds) sustained over several decades or longer. [41]


Vietnam

Climate change: A change in the state of the climate that can be identified by changes in the mean and/or variability of its properties and that persists for extended periods, typically decades or longer (UN IPCC 2007). [42]


Virgin Islands

Climate change is (exactly what it sounds like) a change in the Earth’s climate, the long term average weather conditions for various regions. [43]


Standard Definition

Discussion Topic

See also

definitions

United Nations

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change [44]

Notes

  1. European Climate Adaptation Platform (CLIMATE-ADAPT) Glossary
  2. http://www.resin-cities.eu/
  3. Adapted from Mach, K.J., S. Planton and C. von Stechow (eds.). Climate Change 2014: Synthesis Report. Contribution of Working Groups I, II and III to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Annex II: Glossary. [Core Writing Team, R.K. Pachauri and L.A. Meyer (eds.)]. IPCC, Geneva, Switzerland, pp. 117-130.
  4. International Energy Agency Glossary
  5. ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE: KEY TERMS, E. Levina and D. Terpak, OECD (2006) - from (UNFCCC Article 1).
  6. IPCC
  7. IPCC
  8. IPCC
  9. UNISDR glossary
  10. UNISDR glossary
  11. UNISDR glossary in Bahasa
  12. UNISDR glossary in Malay
  13. UNISDR glossary in Tagalog
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 Internationally agreed glossary of basic terms related to Disaster Management
  15. World Economic Forum The Global Risks Report 2016 11th Edition
  16. Health impacts of climate change: Adaptation strategies for western Australia (2008)
  17. KMI weerwoorden
  18. REDD+ Brazil Glossário
  19. 19.0 19.1 GLOSSAIRE MULTILINGUE DE LA GESTION DU RISQUE pour usagers francophones (2007)/Asociación Iberoamericana de Organismos Gubernamentales de Defensa y Protección Civil, groupe de travail constitué par différents organismes de cette association dirigé para la Direction Générale de Défense Civile colombienne en étroite collaboration avec la Direction Générale de Protection civil et émergences espagnole
  20. Klimatilpasning Ordliste)
  21. Ühinenud Rahvaste Organisatsiooni kliimamuutuste raamkonventsioon, Riigikogu (The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change)
  22. Vocabulaire de l’environnement, Commission spécialisée de terminologie et de néologie dans le domaine de l’environnement, France (2012)
  23. Informe Final Impactos climáticos para Guatemala: Resultados preliminares de los modelos climáticos regionales y globales IPCC AR5
  24. Honduras Maritime Weather Service - weather glossary
  25. Glossary of Meteorological Terms in Tamil
  26. Building Resilience to Climate Change, Department of the Environment,Community and Local Government (2012)
  27. Climate Change Policy Framework for Jamaica (2015)
  28. States of Jersey Future-proofing Jersey: Building Resilience for the 21st Century (2015)
  29. The National Climate Change Policy of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan 2013-2020
  30. Kiribati BI-LINGUAL GLOSSARY OF CLIMATE CHANGE TERMS, Original translations by Dr Temakei Tebano & Etita Teiabauri, 2008
  31. Jabatan Meteorologi Malaysia
  32. Glosario IPCC, Mexico
  33. Climate Change and Community Based Adaptation Planning Training Manual, Government of Nepal (2015)
  34. Klimaatadaptatie inn de stad: Proeftuin Den Haag - Arnhem
  35. Portal de Cambio Climático
  36. Glosario de Términos, INECI, Peru
  37. Departement of Health, Philippines
  38. Thailands's Meteorological Service - weather glossary
  39. The National Adaptation Programme: Making the country resilient to a changing climate, UK Government (2013)
  40. Adapting to climate change UK Climate Projections (2009)
  41. American Meteorological Society (AMS) - glossary
  42. UNJP/VIE/037/UNJ “Strengthening Capacities to Enhance Coordinated and Integrated Disaster Risk Reduction Actions and Adaptation to Climate Change in Agriculture in the Northern Mountain Regions of Viet Nam”
  43. The Virgin Islands Climate Change Green Paper Prepared by the Conservation and Fisheries Department, Ministry of Natural Resources and Labour (2010)
  44. Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change - Glossary of climate change acronyms and terms

References