Disaster

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disaster | catastrophe | Katastrophe | desastre | catastrofă | calamitate | dezastru | ramp

Definitions

European Definition

Council of Europe

Disaster is the impact of a natural event upon a vulnerable community resulting in disruption, damage and casualties, which cannot be relieved by the unaided capacity of locally, mobilised resources. [1]


EU Civil Protection Mechanism

Disaster means any situation which has or may have a severe impact on people, the environment, or property, including cultural heritage. [2]


CLIMATE-ADAPT

Disaster: A serious disruption of the functioning of a community or a society involving widespread human, material, economic or environmental losses and impacts, which exceeds the ability of the affected community or society to cope using its own resources. [3]


Other International Definitions

UNISDR

Disaster is a serious disruption of the functioning of a community or a society involving widespread human, material, economic or environmental losses and impacts, which exceeds the ability of the affected community or society to cope using its own resources. [4]

Disasters are often described as a result of the combination of: the exposure to a hazard; the conditions of vulnerability that are present; and insufficient capacity or measures to reduce or cope with the potential negative consequences. Disaster impacts may include loss of life, injury, disease and other negative effects on human physical, mental and social well-being, together with damage to property, destruction of assets, loss of services, social and economic disruption and environmental degradation.

Catastrophe: Rupture grave du fonctionnement d’une communauté ou d’une société impliquant d’importants impacts et pertes humaines, matérielles, économiques ou environnementales que la communauté ou la société affectée ne peut surmonter avec ses seules ressources. [5]

Бедствие: Событие, которое серьезно нарушает жизнь местных сообществ и общества, является причиной жертв среди населения, а также обширного материального, экономического или экологического ущерба и воздействия, которое превосходит способность сообщества или общества справиться с ним собственными силами. [6]

Desastre: Una seria interrupción en el funcionamiento de una comunidad o sociedad que ocasiona una gran cantidad de muertes al igual que pérdidas e impactos materiales, económicos y ambientales que exceden la capacidad de la comunidad o la sociedad afectada para hacer frente a la situación mediante el uso de sus propios recursos. [7]

الكارثة: اضطراب في آداء المجتمع أو التجمعات يتضمن خسائر كبيرة وآثار سلبية على الأرواح والنواحي المادية والاقتصادية والبيئية التي تفوق قدرة المجتمع أو التجمع العمراني المتأثر على مواجهتها باستخدام موارده الذاتية. [8]

Bencana: Sebuah gangguan serius terhadap berfungsinya sebuah komunitas atau masyarakat yang mengakibatkan kerugian dan dampak yang meluas terhadap manusia, materi, ekonomi dan lingkungan, yang melampaui kemampuan komunitas atau masyarakat yang terkena dampak tersebut untuk mengatasinya dengan menggunakan sumber daya mereka sendiri. [9]

Bencana: Gangguan serius terhadap fungsi komuniti atau masyarakat, yang melibatkan sebarang kerugian dan impak kepada manusia, bahan, ekonomi atau alam sekitar, yang melebihi keupayaan masyarakat atau komuniti, bagi mengatasi bencana itu dengan menggunakan sumber sedia ada. [10]


UNDHA

Disaster: A serious disruption of the functioning of society, causing widespread human, material or environmental losses which exceed the ability of affected society to cope using only its own resources. [11]
Disasters are often classified according to their cause (natural or manmade).

Desastre: Interrupción seria de las funciones de una sociedad, que causa pérdidads humanas, materiales o ambientales extensas que exceden la capacidad de la sociedad afectada para resurgir, usando solo sus proprios recursos. [11]
Los desastres se clasifican comúnmente de acuerdo con la velocidad con que occuren (brusco o lento), o de acuerdo a las causas (naturales o antropogénicas).

Catastrophe: Grave interruption de fonctionnement d'une société causant des pertes humaines, matérielles ou environnementales que la société affectée ne peut surmonter avec ses seules ressources propres. [11]
Les catastrophes sont souvent classées en fonction de leur mode d'occurrence (brusque ou progressif) ou de leur origine (naturelle ou anthropique).

IPCC

Disaster: Severe alterations in the normal functioning of a community or a society due to hazardous physical events interacting with vulnerable social conditions, leading to widespread adverse human, material, economic, or environmental effects that require immediate emergency response to Satisfy critical human needs and that may require external support for recovery. [12]


WHO

Situation or event, which overwhelms local capacity, necessitating a request to national or international level for external assistance (CRED). [13]

A term describing an event that can be defined spatially and geographically, but that demands observation to produce evidence. [14]

National Definitions

Argentina

Catástrophe: suceso adverso que altera gravemente el orden regular de la sociedad y su entorno[15]


Aruba

Ramp: een gebeurtenis die heeft geleid tot een zodanig ernstige verstoring van de algemene veiligheid, dat het leven en de gezondheid van vele burgers of grote materiële belangen in ernstige mate bedreigd worden, en dat een gecoördineerde inzet van diensten en organisaties op verschillende vakgebieden vereist is. [16]


Australia

Disaster is a serious disruption to community life which threatens or causes death or injury in that community and/or damage to property which is beyond the ay-today capacity of the prescribed statutory authorities and which requires special mobilisation and organisation of resources other than those normally available to those authorities. [17]


Austria

Katastrophe: jede Situation, die ernsthafte Auswirkungen auf Menschen, Umwelt oder Eigentum, einschließlich Kulturgütern, hat oder haben kann. [18]


Belgium

Ramp: elke situatie die ernstige gevolgen voor mensen, het milieu, of eigendommen, waaronder cultureel erfgoed, heeft of kan hebben. [19]

Catastrophe: toute situation qui a ou peut avoir des effets graves sur les personnes, l'environnement ou les biens, y compris le patrimoine culturel. [20]


Brazil

Desastre: resultado de eventos adversos, naturais ou provocados pelo homem sobre um cenário vulnerável, causando grave perturbação ao funcionamento de uma comunidade ou sociedade envolvendo extensivas perdas e danos humanos, materiais, econômicos ou ambientais, que excede a sua capacidade de lidar com o problema usando meios próprios. [21]

Desastre: Resultado de eventos adversos, naturais ou provocados pelo homem, sobre um ecossistema (vulnerável), causando danos humanos, materiais e/ou ambientais e conseqüentes prejuízos econômicos e sociais. [22]
Os desastres são quantificados, em função dos danos e prejuízos, em termos de intensidade, enquanto que os eventos adversos são quantificados em termos de magnitude. A intensidade de um desastre depende da interação entre a magnitude do evento adverso e o grau de vulnerabilidade do sistema receptor afetado. Normalmente o fator preponderante para a intensificação de um desastre é o grau de vulnerabilidade do sistema receptor.

Bulgaria

бедствие: означава всяка ситуация, която има или може да има тежки последици за населението, околната среда или имуществото, включително културното наследство. [23]


Canada

An event that results when a hazard impacts a vulnerable community in a way that exceeds or overwhelms the community’s ability to cope and may cause serious harm to the safety, health or welfare of people, or damage to property or the environment.

Événement qui se produit lorsque la manifestation d’un danger affecte une collectivité vulnérable d’une façon qui dépasse ou qui accable sa capacité à faire face à la situation et qui peut causer un prejudice grave à la sécurité, à la santé et au bien-être de la population, ou endommager les biens ou l’environnement. [24]


Disaster is essentially a social phenomenon that results when a hazard intersects with a vulnerable community in a way that exceeds or overwhelms the community’s ability to cope and may cause serious harm to the safety, health, welfare, property or environment of people. [25]

A disaster may be triggered by a naturally occurring phenomenon which has its origins within the geophysical or biological environment or by human action or error, whether malicious or unintentional, including technological failures, accidents and terrorist acts.

Cape Verde

Desastre: Um grave perturbação do funcionamento de uma comunidade ou uma sociedade envolvendo impactos e perdas humanos, material, económicos ou ambientais generalizados, ultrapassando a capacidade da comunidade ou da sociedade afectada de lidar com seus recursos próprios. [26]


Chile

Desastre: Situación o proceso social que se desencadena como resultado de la manifestación de un fenómeno de origen natural, tecnológico o provocado por el hombre que, al encontrar condiciones propicias de vulnerabilidad en una población, causa alteraciones intensas, graves y extendidas en las condiciones normales de funcionamiento de la comunidad; representadas de forma diversa y diferenciada por, entre otras cosas, la pérdida de vida y salud de la población; la destrucción, pérdida o inutilización total o parcial de bienes de la colectividad y de los individuos así como daños severos en el ambiente, requiriendo de una respuesta inmediata de las autoridades y de la población para atender los afectados y restablecer umbrales aceptables de bienestar y oportunidades de vida. [27]


Croatia

Katastrofa: znači svaka situacija koja ima ili može imati ozbiljne učinke na ljude, okoliš ili imovinu, uključujući kulturnu baštinu. [28]


Cyprus

Καταστροφή νοείται κάθε ταχείας ή βραδείας εξέλιξης φυσικό φαινόμενο ή τεχνολογικό συμβάν στο χερσαίο, θαλάσσιο και εναέριο χώρο, το οποίο προκαλεί εκτεταμένες δυσμενείς επιπτώσεις στον άνθρωπο, καθώς και στο ανθρωπογενές ή φυσικό περιβάλλον.

(A disaster is any short-term or long-term natural hazard or technological event in land, sea or airspace, which causes extensive, adverse impacts to people, and to the man-made or physical environment) [29]

Czech Republic

Katastrofou: jakákoli situace, která má či může mít závažný dopad na obyvatelstvo, životní prostředí nebo majetek včetně kulturního dědictví. [30]


Denmark

Katastrofe: enhver situation, der har eller kan have alvorlige konsekvenser for mennesker, miljøet eller ejendom, herunder kulturarv. [31]


El Salvador

Desastre: Situación o proceso social que se desencadena como resultado de la manifestación de un fenómeno de origen natural, tecnológico o provocado por el hombre que, al encontrar condiciones propicias de vulnerabilidad en una población, causa alteraciones intensas, graves y extendidas en las condiciones normales de funcionamiento de la comunidad; representadas de forma diversa y diferenciada por, entre otras cosas, la pérdida de vida y salud de la población; la destrucción, pérdida o inutilización total o parcial de bienes de la colectividad y de los individuos así como daños severos en el ambiente, requiriendo de una respuesta inmediata de las autoridades y de la población para atender los afectados y restablecer umbrales aceptables de bienestar y oportunidades de vida. [32]


Estonia

Õnnetus: olukord, millel on või võib olla tõsine mõju inimestele, keskkonnale või varale, sealhulgas kultuuripärandile. [33]<


Finland

(1) Katastrofi: tilanne, jolla on tai voi olla vakavia vaikutuksia ihmisiin, ympäristöön tai omaisuuteen, kulttuuriperintö mukaan lukien.

Disaster is a situation which has or may have serious effects on people, the environment or property, including cultural heritage. -unofficial translation- [34]

(2) Suuronnettomuus: onnettomuus, jota on kuolleiden tai loukkaantuneiden määrän, ympäristöön tai omaisuuteen kohdistuneiden vahinkojen määrän taikka onnettomuuden laadun perusteella pidettävä erityisen vakavana.

Disaster is an accident which must be considered especially serious on the basis of the number of casualties or injuries, volume of damages to the environment or property, or the nature of the accident. -unofficial translation- [34]

Katastrofilla: tarkoitetaan tilannetta, jolla on tai jolla voi olla vakavia vaikutuksia ihmisiin, ympäristöön tai omaisuuteen, kulttuuriperintö mukaan lukien. [35]


France

Catastrophe: toute situation qui a ou peut avoir des effets graves sur les personnes, l'environnement ou les biens, y compris le patrimoine culturel. [36]


Germany

A disaster is an event of such magnitude that it exceeds the everyday resources of the emergency response community. [37]


A disaster is a (large-scale) emergency resulting from natural causes (earthquake, storm tides, volcanic eruption, etc.) or human activities (chemical accident, aircraft crash, attack, etc.) which may lead to an acute danger to the life or health of a large number of people, to the environment or to other significant objects of legal protection and which the authorities responsible for hazard control are unable to handle adequately with their own personnel and resources. [38]

Katastrophe: jede Situation, die ernsthafte Auswirkungen auf Menschen, Umwelt oder Eigentum, einschließlich Kulturgütern, hat oder haben kann. [39]


Greece

Καταστροφή νοείται κάθε ταχείας ή βραδείας εξέλιξης φυσικό φαινόμενο ή τεχνολογικό συμβάν στο χερσαίο, θαλάσσιο και εναέριο χώρο, το οποίο προκαλεί εκτεταμένες δυσμενείς επιπτώσεις στον άνθρωπο, καθώς και στο ανθρωπογενές ή φυσικό περιβάλλον.

(A disaster is any short-term or long-term natural hazard or technological event in land, sea or airspace, which causes extensive, adverse impacts to people, and to the man-made or physical environment) [40]

The General Civil Protection Plan "Xenocrates" classifies the following type of disasters:

  • Γενική Καταστροφή νοείται η καταστροφή που εκτείνεται σε περισσότερες από τρεις περιφέρειες της χώρας. (A General Disaster is a disaster that extends to more than three national regions)
  • Περιφερειακή καταστροφή μικρής έντασης νοείται αυτή για την αντιμετώπιση της οποίας αρκεί το δυναμικό και τα μέσα πολιτικής προστασίας της περιφέρειας. (Small-scale Regional Disaster is one that can be dealt with the Civil Protection Resources of the region)
  • Περιφερειακή καταστροφή μεγάλης έντασης νοείται αυτή για την αντιμετώπιση της οποίας απαιτείται η διάθεση δυναμικού και μέσων πολιτικής προστασίας και από άλλες περιφέρειες ή και από κεντρικές υπηρεσίες και φορείς. (Large-scale Regional Disaster is one that requires the assignment of Civil Protection Resources from other regions and/or from central services or authorities)
  • Τοπική καταστροφή μικρής έντασης νοείται αυτή για την αντιμετώπιση της οποίας αρκεί το δυναμικό και τα μέσα πολιτικής προστασίας σε επίπεδο νομού. (Small-scale Local Disaster is one that can be dealt with the Civil Protection Resources of a county).
  • Τοπική καταστροφή μεγάλης έντασης νοείται αυτή για την αντιμετώπιση της οποίας απαιτείται η διάθεση δυναμικού και μέσων πολιτικής προστασίας και από άλλους νομούς, περιφέρειες ή και από κεντρικές υπηρεσίες και φορείς. (Large-scale Local Disaster is one that requires the assignment of Civil Protection Resources from other counties, regions and/or from central services or authorities).


Καταστροφή: κάθε κατάσταση η οποία έχει ή ενδέχεται να έχει σοβαρές επιπτώσεις σε πρόσωπα, στο περιβάλλον ή σε περιουσίες, συμπεριλαμβανομένης της πολιτιστικής κληρονομιάς. [41]


Guatemala

Desastre: Acontecimiento o calamidad como consecuencia de un evento natural o antrópico, que produce alteración del entorno físico y social en una comunidad o población, que puede causar pérdidas humanas y materiales, incidiendo negativamente sobre la capacidad normal de respuesta. [42]

Desastre: Alteración intensa en las personas, los bienes, los servicios y el medio ambiente, causadas por un suceso natural o generado por la actividad humana, que excede la capacidad de respuesta de la comunidad afectada. [43]
Interrupción y alteración severa e intensa que trastorna gravemente el funcionamiento normal de una comunidad o sociedad, provocado por un evento físico potencialmente destructor, de origen natural o antrópico, determinado por condiciones de vulnerabilidad latentes en la sociedad, que puede causar importantes pérdidas de vidas humanas, materiales, económicas, productivas o ambientales que amenaza la forma de subsistencia y desarrollo de un territorio, comunidad, grupos de personas y ecosistemas.

Hungary

Katasztrófa: minden olyan helyzet, amelynek a személyekre, a környezetre, vagy a tulajdonra – beleértve a kulturális örökséget is – súlyos hatása van vagy lehet. [44]


India

Disaster: ேபரழி7 [45]

Ireland

Disaster means any situation which has or may have a severe impact on people, the environment, or property, including cultural heritage. [46]


Italy

Disastro - Un evento concentrato nel tempo e nello spazio nel quale la società subisce perdite tali da ostacolare il normale svolgimento delle funzioni sociali essenziali. [47]

Catastrofe: qualsiasi situazione che abbia o possa avere conseguenze gravi sulle persone, l'ambiente o i beni, compreso il patrimonio culturale. [48]

Catastrofe - Evento, non importa di quale entità e con quali conseguenze sia sulle persone che sulle cose, provocato vuoi da cuse naturali che da azioni umane, nel quale però le strutture fondamentali della società rimanfono nella quasi totalità intatte, efficienti ed agibili. [47]
It produces a sudden and serious disproportion between rescue requests and available resources, destined to endure over time (over 12 hours).

Calamità - Evento naturale o legato ad azioni umane, nel quale tutte le strutture fondamentali della società sono distrutte o inagibili su un ampio tratto del territorio. [47]


Latvia

Katastrofa: ir jebkura situācija, kas smagi ietekmē vai var smagi ietekmēt cilvēkus, vidi vai īpašumu, tostarp kultūras mantojumu. [49]


Lithuania

Nelaimė– situacija, kuri turi ar gali turėti didelį neigiamą poveikį žmonėms, aplinkai ar turtui, įskaitant kultūros paveldą. [50]


Luxembourg

Catastrophe: toute situation qui a ou peut avoir des effets graves sur les personnes, l'environnement ou les biens, y compris le patrimoine culturel. [51]


Madagascar

Catastrophe: Un événement, soudain ou progressif, soit d’origine naturelle, soit causé par l’homme, dont l’impact est tel, que la communauté affectée doit réagir par des mesures exceptionnelles. [52]
Catastrophes technologiques: Catastrophes issues de causes autres que les catastrophes naturelles et qui incluent les catastrophes biologiques, chimiques, nucléaires, les catastrophes dans les transports et celles d’origine terroriste.

Malta

Diżastru tfisser kwalunkwe sitwazzjoni li jkollha jew li jista' jkollha impatt sever fuq il-persuni, l-ambjent, jew il-proprjetà, inkluż il-wirt kulturali. [53]


Nepal

Disaster: A serious disruption of the functioning of a community or a society involving widespread human, material, economic or environmental losses and impacts, which exceeds the ability of the affected community or society to cope using their own resources. [54]


Netherlands

Een ramp is een zwaar ongeval of een andere gebeurtenis waarbij het leven en de gezondheid van veel personen, het milieu of grote materiële belangen in ernstige mate zijn geschaad of worden bedreigd en waarbij een gecoördineerde inzet van diensten of organisaties van verschillende disciplines is vereist om de dreiging weg te nemen of de schadelijke gevolgen te beperken.
(A disaster is a major accident or other event which threatens or has impacted the live and health of many people, the environment or major material interests and which requires a coordinated action by services and different disciplines to remove the threat or to minimise the impact.) [55]

Ramp: elke situatie die ernstige gevolgen voor mensen, het milieu, of eigendommen, waaronder cultureel erfgoed, heeft of kan hebben. [56]

Disaster (ramp; (dienst)onderbreking): Een plotselinge, niet-geplande rampzalige gebeurtenis dat grote schade of verlies veroorzaakt. Elke gebeurtenis die het onvermogen veroorzaakt voor een organisatie om kritieke diensten te leveren gedurende een bepaalde periode. [57]


Peru

Desastre: Conjunto de daños y perdidas, en la salud, fuentes de sustento, hábitat físico, infraestructura, actividad económica y medio ambiente, que ocurre a consecuencia del impacto de un peligro o amenaza cuya intensidad genera graves alteraciones en el funcionamiento de las unidades sociales, sobrepasando la capacidad de respuesta local para atender eficazmente sus consecuencias, pudiendo ser de origen natural o inducido por la acción humana. [58]


Poland

Klęska lub katastrofa: oznacza dowolną sytuację, która ma lub może mieć poważne skutki dla ludzi, środowiska naturalnego lub mienia, w tym dziedzictwa kulturowego. [59]

Klęsce żywiołowej - rozumie się przez to katastrofę naturalną lub awarię techniczną, których skutki zagrażają życiu lub zdrowiu dużej liczby osób, mieniu w wielkich rozmiarach albo środowisku na znacznych obszarach, a pomoc i ochrona mogą być skutecznie podjęte tylko przy zastosowaniu nadzwyczajnych środków, we współdziałaniu różnych organów i instytucji oraz specjalistycznych służb i formacji działających pod jednolitym kierownictwem.

Disaster - shall mean a natural disaster or a failure technical, the consequences of which threaten the life or health of a large number of people, property in large sizes or the environment in large areas, and assistance and protection can be effectively undertaken only with the use of emergency measures in cooperation of the various bodies and institutions, and specialized services and formation of operating under a single leadership (raw translation). [60]


Portugal

Catástrofe: qualquer situação que tenha ou possa ter consequências graves para as pessoas, o ambiente ou os bens, incluindo o património cultural. [61]


Republic of Korea

Natural disasters: Disasters caused by a typhoon, flood, downpour, strong wind, wind and waves, tidal wave, heavy snowfall, lightning, drought, earthquake, sandy dust, hypertrephied of algae, ebb and flow, volcanic activity, and other natural phenomena equivalent thereto. [62]


Republic of Trinidad & Tobago

A serious disruption of the functioning of a community or a society involving widespread human, material, economic or environmental losses and impacts, which exceeds the ability of the affected community or society to cope using its own resources. [63]


Romania

Dezastru:înseamnă orice situație care are sau poate avea efecte grave asupra persoanelor, a mediului, sau a bunurilor materiale, inclusiv asupra patrimoniului cultural. [64]

Dezastru (sinonim catastrofă): Gravă întrerupere a funcţionării unei societăţi, generând pierderi umane, materiale şi/sau modificări nefaste ale mediului, asupra căreia nu se poate interveni prin resursele aflate, în mod curent, la dispoziţie. [65]


Russian Federation

A local disaster is a situation where there are less than 10 casualties, no more than 100 person's vital activities are disrupted, material cost are not extensive and the (spatial) impact of the disruption does not exceed the specific industrial or social object. [66]


Saint Lucia

Disaster: A serious disruption of the functioning of a society, causing widespread human, material, or environmental losses which exceed the ability of the affected society to cope using its own resources. [67]


Singapore

A sudden, unplanned calamitous event, usually causing great damage or loss, making an organization unable to provide critical business functions for some predetermined minimum period of time. [68]


Slovakia

Katastrofa: je akákoľvek situácia, ktorá má alebo môže mať závažný vplyv na ľudí, životné prostredie alebo majetok, vrátane kultúrneho dedičstva. [69]

Katastrofa: Mimoriadna udalosť veľkého rozsahu vznikajúca v dôsledku kumulácie ničivých faktorov živelnej pohromy alebo havárie, ktorá má závažné priame následky na obyvateľov, materiálne hodnoty, životné prostredie, prípadne aj na fungovanie verejnej správy. [70]


Slovenia

Nesreča: pomeni vsako situacijo, ki resno vpliva ali bi lahko resno vplivala na ljudi, okolje ali premoženje, vključno s kulturno dediščino. [71]


Spain

Catástrofe: toda situación que tenga o pueda tener efectos graves para las personas, el medio ambiente o los bienes, incluido el patrimonio cultural. [72]


Sweden

Katastrof: varje situation som har eller kan få allvarliga effekter för människor, miljö eller egendom, inklusive kulturarvet. [73]


Switzerland

Ereignis, das so viele Schäden und Ausfälle verursacht, dass die personellen und materiellen Mittel der betroffenen Gemeinschaft überfordert sind und Hilfe von aussen nötig ist. [74]

Evénement qui provoque des dommages ou des pannes d'une ampleur telle que les moyens en matériel ou en personnel de la collectivité affectée s'avèrent insuffisants et qu’une aide de l'extérieur est nécessaire. [75]

Evento che causa un numero di danni e perdite tali da rendere insufficienti il personale e il materiale della comunità colpita e che richiede pertanto l’intervento di aiuti esterni. [76]

Tanzania

Disaster: A serious disruption of the functioning of a society, causing a widespread human, material and environmental losses which exceed the ability of the affected community to cope with from its own resources. [77]


United Kingdom

Disaster means any situation which has or may have a severe impact on people, the environment, or property, including cultural heritage. [78]

Disaster: Emergency (usually but not exclusively of natural causes) causing, or threatening to cause, widespread and serious disruption to community life through death, injury, and/or damage to property and/or the environment. [79]


United States

DHS/FEMA
An occurrence that has resulted in property damage, deaths, and /or injuries to a community. [80]

Vietnam

Disaster: The serious disruption of the functioning of society, causing widespread human, material or environmental losses, which exceed the ability of the affected people to cope using their own resources. [81]


Standard Definition

ISO 22300:2012(en)

situation where widespread human, material, economic or environmental losses have occurred which exceeded the ability of the affected organization, community or society to respond and recover using its own resources. [82]

ISO/PAS 22399:2007

Event that causes great damage or loss. [83]


Other Definitions

EM-DAT

Situation or event, which overwhelms local capacity, necessitating a request to national or international level for external assistance (definition considered in EM-DAT)

An unforeseen and often sudden event that causes great damage, destruction and human suffering. [84]
Though often caused by nature, disasters can have human origins.

Ontario (Canada)

Disaster is a serious disruption to an affected area, involving widespread human, property, environmental and / or economic impacts, that exceed the ability of one or more affected communities to cope using their own resources. [85]

Sinistre: perturbation grave, dans une région donnée, ayant d’importants impacts sur le plan humain, matériel, économique ou environnemental, ces impacts étant tels que la ou les collectivités affectées ne peuvent les surmonter avec leurs seules ressources. [85]


Other Definitions

ICDRM/GWU

Major disaster is any natural catastrophe (including any hurricane, tornado, storm, high water, wind-driven water, tidal wave, tsunami, earthquake, volcanic eruption, landslide, mudslide, snowstorm, or drought), or, regardless of cause, any fire, flood, or explosion, in any part of the United States, which in the determination of the President causes damage of sufficient severity and magnitude to warrant major disaster assistance under this Act to supplement the efforts and available resources of States, tribes, local governments, and disaster relief organizations in alleviating the damage, loss, hardship, or suffering caused thereby. [86]

See also

Notes

  1. GLOSSAIRE MULTILINGUE DE LA GESTION DU RISQUE pour usagers francophones (2007)/European Centre of Technological Safety (TESEC) - TESEC-EUR-OPA 2001)
  2. DECISION No 1313/2013/EU OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 17 December 2013 on a Union Civil Protection Mechanism - EN
  3. European Climate Adaptation Platform (CLIMATE-ADAPT) Glossary
  4. 2009 UNISDR Terminology on Disaster Risk Reduction
  5. UNISDR glossary
  6. UNISDR glossary
  7. UNISDR glossary
  8. UNISDR glossary
  9. UNISDR glossary in Bahasa
  10. UNISDR glossary in Malay
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 Internationally agreed glossary of basic terms related to Disaster Management
  12. IPCC, 2012: Glossary of terms. In: Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation [Field, C.B., V. Barros, T.F. Stocker, D. Qin, D.J. Dokken, K.L. Ebi, M.D. Mastrandrea, K.J. Mach, G.-K. Plattner, S.K. Allen, M. Tignor, and P.M. Midgley (eds.). A Special Report of Working Groups I and II of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, and New York, NY, USA, pp. 555-564.]
  13. WHO: Glossary of Humanitarian Terms
  14. WHO: Glossary of Humanitarian Terms
  15. Glosario Comites Emergencia Argentina
  16. LANDSVERORDENING houdende regels met betrekking tot de beperking en de bestrijding van calamiteiten v, Aruba
  17. Australian Emergency Management Glossary, Emergency Management Australia (1998)
  18. DECISION No 1313/2013/EU OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 17 December 2013 on a Union Civil Protection Mechanism - DE
  19. DECISION No 1313/2013/EU OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 17 December 2013 on a Union Civil Protection Mechanism - NL
  20. DECISION No 1313/2013/EU OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 17 December 2013 on a Union Civil Protection Mechanism - FR
  21. REGULAMENTO SOBRE GESTÃO DE RISCO DAS REDES DE TELECOMUNICAÇÕES E USO DE SERVIÇOS DE TELECOMUNICAÇÕES EM SITUAÇÕES DE EMERGÊNCIA E DESASTRES (2012)
  22. GLOSSÁRIO DE DEFESA CIVIL ESTUDOS DE RISCOS E MEDICINA DE DESASTRES, Ministério da Integração Nacional, Brazil
  23. DECISION No 1313/2013/EU OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 17 December 2013 on a Union Civil Protection Mechanism - BG
  24. Vocabulaire de la gestion des urgencies/Emergency Management Emergency Management Vocabulary 281 (2012)
  25. An Emergency Management Framework for Canada (Second Edition)
  26. Avaliação das Necessidades Pós- Desastre (PDNA) ERUPÇÃO VULCÂNICA NO FOGO 2014-2015, Cape Verde
  27. GUÍA ANÁLISIS DE RIESGOS NATURALES PARA EL ORDENAMIENTO TERRITORIAL Subsecretaría de Desarrollo Regional y Administrativo (SUBDERE) Primera Edición, Junio 2011
  28. DECISION No 1313/2013/EU OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 17 December 2013 on a Union Civil Protection Mechanism - HR
  29. General Civil Protection Plan "Xenocrates"(Γενικό σχέδιο Πολιτικής Προστασίας "Ξενοκράτης")
  30. DECISION No 1313/2013/EU OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 17 December 2013 on a Union Civil Protection Mechanism - CS
  31. DECISION No 1313/2013/EU OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 17 December 2013 on a Union Civil Protection Mechanism - DA
  32. Glosario de Riesgo, Ministerio de Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales, El Salvador
  33. DECISION No 1313/2013/EU OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 17 December 2013 on a Union Civil Protection Mechanism - ET
  34. 34.0 34.1 Vocabulary of Comprehensive Security. Helsinki (TSK 47) (2014)
  35. DECISION No 1313/2013/EU OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 17 December 2013 on a Union Civil Protection Mechanism - FI
  36. DECISION No 1313/2013/EU OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 17 December 2013 on a Union Civil Protection Mechanism - FR
  37. Civil Protection in Germany, BBK, 2012
  38. Protection of Critical Infrastructures – Baseline Protection Concept: Recommendation for Companies, BMI.
  39. DECISION No 1313/2013/EU OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 17 December 2013 on a Union Civil Protection Mechanism - DE
  40. General Civil Protection Plan "Xenocrates"(Γενικό σχέδιο Πολιτικής Προστασίας "Ξενοκράτης")
  41. DECISION No 1313/2013/EU OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 17 December 2013 on a Union Civil Protection Mechanism – EL
  42. Plan Estratégico de Seguridad de la Nación 2016-2020, Guatemala
  43. PLAN NACIONAL DE GESTIÓN INTEGRAL DEL RIESGO POR LA TEMPORADA DE DESCENSO DE TEMPERATURA EN LA REPÚBLICA DE GUATEMALA 2015-2016, Guatemala
  44. DECISION No 1313/2013/EU OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 17 December 2013 on a Union Civil Protection Mechanism - HU
  45. Glossary of Meteorological Terms in Tamil
  46. DECISION No 1313/2013/EU OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 17 December 2013 on a Union Civil Protection Mechanism - EN
  47. 47.0 47.1 47.2 GLOSSARIO DI PROTEZIONE CIVILE Regione Sicilia
  48. DECISION No 1313/2013/EU OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 17 December 2013 on a Union Civil Protection Mechanism - IT
  49. DECISION No 1313/2013/EU OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 17 December 2013 on a Union Civil Protection Mechanism - LV
  50. DECISION No 1313/2013/EU OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 17 December 2013 on a Union Civil Protection Mechanism - LT
  51. DECISION No 1313/2013/EU OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 17 December 2013 on a Union Civil Protection Mechanism - FR
  52. Stratégie Nationale de Gestion des Risques et des Catastrophes – Madagascar (2014)
  53. DECISION No 1313/2013/EU OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 17 December 2013 on a Union Civil Protection Mechanism - MT
  54. Climate Change and Community Based Adaptation Planning Training Manual, Government of Nepal (2015)
  55. Artikel 1 of the Wet Veiligheidsregio's
  56. DECISION No 1313/2013/EU OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 17 December 2013 on a Union Civil Protection Mechanism - NL
  57. [Handboek Nationaal Continuïteitsoverleg - Telecommunicatie, Ministerie van Economische Zaken Directoraat-Generaal Energie en Telecom, Netherlands 28 augustus 2008]
  58. Glosario de Términos para la Formulación de Proyectos Ambientales, Peru, 2012 / Fuente: DS 048-2011-PCM, Reglamento de la Ley Nº 29664, Sistema Nacional de Gestión del Riesgo de Desastres.
  59. DECISION No 1313/2013/EU OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 17 December 2013 on a Union Civil Protection Mechanism - PL
  60. USTAWA z dnia 18 kwietnia 2002 r. o stanie klęski żywiołowej, Poland
  61. DECISION No 1313/2013/EU OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 17 December 2013 on a Union Civil Protection Mechanism - PT
  62. FRAMEWORK ACT ON THE MANAGEMENT OF DISASTERS AND SAFETY Act No.13440, 24. Jul, 2015, Republic of Korea
  63. Comprehensive Disaster Management Policy Framework for Trinidad and Tobago
  64. DECISION No 1313/2013/EU OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 17 December 2013 on a Union Civil Protection Mechanism - RO
  65. GLOSAR de termeni din domeniul ordinii şi siguranţei publice, MINISTERUL ADMINISTRAŢIEI ŞI INTERNELOR DIRECŢIA GENERALĂ ORGANIZARE, PLANIFICARE MISIUNI ŞI RESURSE
  66. Postanovlenie Pravitelstvo RF, ‘O klassifikatsii chrezvychainyh situatsii prirodnogo I tehnogennogo haratera’, no. 1094, 13 September 1996.
  67. Government of Saint Lucia Disaster Management Policy Framework for Saint Lucia, 2004
  68. Singapore Standard SS 540: 2008 on Business Continuity
  69. DECISION No 1313/2013/EU OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 17 December 2013 on a Union Civil Protection Mechanism - SK
  70. BEZPEČNOSTNÁ RADA SLOVENSKEJ REPUBLIKY
  71. DECISION No 1313/2013/EU OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 17 December 2013 on a Union Civil Protection Mechanism - SL
  72. DECISION No 1313/2013/EU OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 17 December 2013 on a Union Civil Protection Mechanism - ES
  73. DECISION No 1313/2013/EU OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 17 December 2013 on a Union Civil Protection Mechanism - SV
  74. Glossar der Risikobegriffe, Bundesamt für Bevölkerungsschutz BABS, 29.4.2013
  75. Glossaire des risques, Office fédéral de la protection de la population, 29.4.2013
  76. Glossario sui rischi, Ufficio federale della protezione della popolazione UFPP, 29.4.2013
  77. United Republic of Tanzania National Operational Guidelines for Disaster Management 2003
  78. DECISION No 1313/2013/EU OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 17 December 2013 on a Union Civil Protection Mechanism - EN
  79. UK Civil Protection Lexicon 2013
  80. [https://training.fema.gov/hiedu/docs/terms%20and%20definitions/terms%20and%20definitions.pdf FEMA, Definitions and Terms, Instruction 5000.2, 1990
  81. UNJP/VIE/037/UNJ “Strengthening Capacities to Enhance Coordinated and Integrated Disaster Risk Reduction Actions and Adaptation to Climate Change in Agriculture in the Northern Mountain Regions of Viet Nam”
  82. ISO 22300:2012(en) Societal security — Terminology
  83. ISO/PAS 22399:2007 Societal security - Guideline for incident preparedness and operational continuity management.
  84. EM-DAT disaster database glossary
  85. 85.0 85.1 Province of Ontario’s Emergency Management Glossary of Terms
  86. ICDRM/GWU Emergency Management Glossary of Terms. The Institute for Crisis, Disaster, and Risk Management (ICDRM) at the George Washington University, Washington DC refering to the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5122)