Disaster Risk

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Definitions

European Definitions

CLIMATE-ADAPT

Disaster risk: The potential disaster losses, in lives, health status, livelihoods, assets and services, which could occur to a particular community or a society over some specified future time period. [1]
Comment: The definition of disaster risk reflects the concept of disasters as the outcome of continuously present conditions of risk. Disaster risk comprises different types of potential losses which are often difficult to quantify. Nevertheless, with knowledge of the prevailing hazards and the patterns of population and socio-economic development, disaster risks can be assessed and mapped, in broad terms at least.

Other International Definitions

UNISDR

The potential disaster losses, in lives, health status, livelihoods, assets and services, which could occur to a particular community or a society over some specified future time period [2].

The definition of disaster risk reflects the concept of disasters as the outcome of continuously present conditions of risk. Disaster risk comprises different types of potential losses which are often difficult to quantify. Nevertheless, with knowledge of the prevailing hazards and the patterns of population and socio-economic development, disaster risks can be assessed and mapped, in broad terms at least.

Gestion des risques de catastrophe: Processus de recours systématique aux directives, compétences opérationnelles, capacités et organisation administratives pour mettre en oeuvre les politiques, strategies et capacités de réponse appropriées en vue d’atténuer l’impact des aléas naturels et risques de catastrophes environnementales et technologiques qui leur sont liées. [3]

Риск бедствий: Потенциальные потери в результате бедствий, выражающиеся в гибели людей, ухудшении здоровья, источников существования, ущербе имуществу и общественным службам, которые может понести конкретное сообщество или общество в течение некоего указанного периода времени в будущем. [4]

Gestión del riesgo de desastres: El proceso sistemático de utilizar directrices administrativas, organizaciones, destrezas y capacidades operativas para ejecutar políticas y fortalecer las capacidades de afrontamiento, con el fin de de reducir el impacto adverso de las amenazas naturales y la posibilidad de que ocurra un desastre. [5]

خاطر الكوارث: الخسائر المحتملة في الأرواح والوضع الصحي وسبل المعيشة والممتلكات والخدمات التي يمكن أن تصيب مجتمع أو تجمع ما بسبب الكوارث، في فترة زمنية مستقبلية محددة [6]

Risiko bencana: Potensi kerugian yang diakibatkan bencana terhadap nyawa, status kesehatan, penghidupan, aset dan layanan yang dapat terjadi pada satu komunitas atau masyarakat tertentu selama jangka waktu tertentu di masa mendatang. [7]

Risiko bencana: Bencana berpotensi mengakibatkan kerugian besar, seperti kehilangan nyawa, taraf kesihatan menurun, hilang punca pendapatan, aset dan perkhidmatan. Ia boleh berlaku kepada manamana masyarakat atau komuniti dalam tempoh masa akan datang. [8]


UN/IPCC

Disaster risk: The likelihood over a specified time period of severe alterations in the normal functioning of a community or a society due to hazardous physical events interacting with vulnerable social conditions, leading to widespread adverse human, material, economic, or environmental effects that require immediate emergency response to satisfy critical human needs and that may require external support for recovery. [9]


National Definitions

Guatemala

Riesgo a los desastres: Probabilidad de consecuencias perjudiciales o pérdidas esperadas a causa de un desastre (muertes, lesiones, propiedad, medios de subsistencia, interrupción de actividad económica o deterioro ambiental) como resultado de la interacciones entre amenazas naturales o antropogénicas y condiciones de vulnerabilidad a las cuales está expuesta una comunidad. [10]


(States of) Jersey

Disaster risk: the potential disaster losses, in lives, health status, livelihoods, assets and services, which could occur to a particular community or a society over some specified future time period. [11]
With knowledge of the prevailing hazards and the patterns of population and socio-economic development, disaster risks can be assessed and mapped.

Peru

Riesgo de Desastre: Es la probabilidad de que la población y sus medios de vida sufran daños y perdidas a consecuencia de su condición de vulnerabilidad y el impacto de un peligro. [12]


Republic of Trinidad & Tobago

The potential disaster losses, in lives, health status, livelihoods, assets and services, which could occur to a particular community or a society over some specified future time period. [13]

Vietnam

Disaster risk: The potential disaster losses, in lives, health status, livelihoods, assets and services, which could occur to a particular community or a society over some specified future time period. [14]


Standard Definition

See also

Notes

  1. European Climate Adaptation Platform (CLIMATE-ADAPT) Glossary
  2. 2009 UNISDR Terminology on Disaster Risk Reduction
  3. UNISDR glossary
  4. UNISDR glossary
  5. UNISDR glossary
  6. UNISDR glossary
  7. UNISDR glossary in Bahasa
  8. UNISDR glossary in Malay
  9. IPCC, 2012: Glossary of terms. In: Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation [Field, C.B., V. Barros, T.F. Stocker, D. Qin, D.J. Dokken, K.L. Ebi, M.D. Mastrandrea, K.J. Mach, G.-K. Plattner, S.K. Allen, M. Tignor, and P.M. Midgley (eds.). A Special Report of Working Groups I and II of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, and New York, NY, USA, pp. 555-564.]
  10. PLAN NACIONAL DE GESTIÓN INTEGRAL DEL RIESGO POR LA TEMPORADA DE DESCENSO DE TEMPERATURA EN LA REPÚBLICA DE GUATEMALA 2015-2016, Guatemala
  11. States of Jersey Future-proofing Jersey: Building Resilience for the 21st Century (2015)
  12. Glosario de Términos para la Formulación de Proyectos Ambientales, Peru, 2012 / Fuente: Decreto Supremo 048-2011-PCM
  13. Comprehensive Disaster Management Policy Framework for Trinidad and Tobago
  14. UNJP/VIE/037/UNJ “Strengthening Capacities to Enhance Coordinated and Integrated Disaster Risk Reduction Actions and Adaptation to Climate Change in Agriculture in the Northern Mountain Regions of Viet Nam”