Disaster Risk Reduction

From CIPedia
Jump to: navigation, search

disaster risk reduction | réduction des dommages | Schadenminderung | reducción del riesgo de desastre | diminuarea efectelor dezastrului, a pagubelor

Definitions

European Definitions

CLIMATE-ADAPT

Disaster risk reduction: The concept and practice of reducing disaster risks through systematic efforts to analyse and manage the causal factors of disasters, including through reduced exposure to hazards, lessened vulnerability of people and property, wise management of land and the environment, and improved preparedness for adverse events. [1]



Other International Definitions

CARICOM

The concept and practice of reducing disaster risks through systematic efforts to analyse and manage the causal factors of disasters, including through reduced to hazards, lessened vulnerability of people and property, wise management of land and the environment, and improved preparedness for adverse events. [2]

A comprehensive approach to reduce disaster risks is set out in the United Nations endorsed Hyogo Framework for Action, adopted in 2005, whose expected outcome is “the substantial reduction of disaster losses, in lives and the social, economic and environmental assets of communities and countries.” The International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (ISDR) system provides a vehicle for cooperation among governments, organisations and civil society actors to assist in the implementation of the Framework. Note that while the term “disaster reduction” is sometimes used, the term “disaster risk reduction” provides a better recognition of the ongoing nature of disaster risks and the ongoing potential to reduce these risks. (UNISDR, 2009).

UNISDR

Disaster risk reduction: The concept and practice of reducing disaster risks through systematic efforts to analyse and manage the causal factors of disasters, including through reduced exposure to hazards, lessened vulnerability of people and property, wise management of land and the environment, and improved preparedness for adverse events. [3]

Réduction des risques de catastrophe: Concept et pratique de la reduction des risques de catastrophe grâce à des efforts pour analyser et gérer leurs causes, notamment par une réduction de l’exposition aux risques, qui permet de réduire la vulnérabilité des personnes et des biens, la gestion rationnelle des terres et de l’environnement et l’amélioration de la préparation aux événements indésirables. [4]

План снижения риска бедствий: Документ, подготовленный органом власти, отраслью, организацией или предприятием, в котором излагаются цели и конкретные задачи снижения риска бедствий, а также соответствующие меры, направленные на решение этих задач. [5]

Reducción del riesgo de desastres: El concepto y la práctica de reducir el riesgo de desastres mediante esfuerzos sistemáticos dirigidos al análisis y a la gestión de los factores causales de los desastres, lo que incluye la reducción del grado de exposición a las amenazas, la disminución de la vulnerabilidad de la población y la propiedad, una gestión sensata de los suelos y del medio ambiente, y el mejoramiento de la preparación ante los eventos adversos. [6]

الحد من مخاطر الكوارث: المفهوم والممارسات اللازمة للحد من مخاطر الكوارث من خلال الجهود المنهجية لتحليل وإدارة العوامل المسببة لحدوث الكوارث، بما في ذلك الحد من التعرض للأخطار، وتخفيف قابلية الإنسان والممتلكات للتضرر، والإدارة الحكيمة للأرض والبيئة، وتحسين مستوى الاستعداد لمواجهة الأحداث السلبية. [7]

Pengurangan risiko bencana: Konsep dan praktik mengurangi risiko-risiko bencana melalui upaya-upaya sistematis untuk menganalisis dan mengelola faktor-faktor penyebab bencana, termasuk melalui pengurangan keterpaparan terhadap ancaman bahaya, pengurangan kerentanan penduduk dan harta benda, pengelolaan lahan dan lingkungan secara bijak, dan peningkatan kesiapsiagaan terhadap peristiwa-peristiwa yang merugikan. [8]

Pengurangan risiko bencana: Konsep dan amalan mengurangkan risiko bencana melalui usaha sistematik bagi menganalisis dan menguruskan faktor kasual bencana, termasuk pengurangan pendedahan kepada bahaya, pengurangan kerentanan orang awam dan harta, pengurusan tanah dan alam sekitar yang bijak, dan ketersediaan lebih baik bagi menghadapi kejadian buruk. [9]

Pagbabawas sa Peligro ng Kalamidad: Ang konsepto at praktika ng pagbabawas sa peligro/panganib ng kalamidad sa pamamagitan ng sistematikong pagsisikap na suriin at pamahalaan ang mga salik na kadahilanan ng kalamidad, kabilang na ang pagbabawas sa pagkalantad sa mga peligro, pagpapaliit sa bulnerabilidad ng mga tao at ariarian, matalinong paggamit ng lupa at kapaligiran, at ang pinahusay pang kahandaan laban sa mapaminsalang mga pangyayari. [10]


UN/IPCC

Disaster risk reduction (DRR): Denotes both a policy goal or objective, and the strategic and instrumental measures employed for anticipating future disaster risk; reducing existing exposure, hazard, or vulnerability; and improving resilience. [11]


National Definitions

Canada

Disaster risk reduction: The concept and practice of reducing disaster risks through systematic efforts to analyze and manage the causal factors of disasters.

Réduction des risques de catastrophe: Concept et pratique visant à réduire les risques de catastrophe par l’analyse et la gestion systématiques des divers facteurs à l’origine des catastrophes. [12]


Saint Lucia

Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR): The conceptual framework of elements considered with the possibilities to minimize vulnerabilities and disaster risks throughout a society, to avoid (prevention) or to limit (mitigation and preparedness) the adverse impacts of hazards, within the broad context of sustainable development. [13]


Vietnam

Disaster risk reduction: The concept and practice of reducing disaster risks through systematic efforts to analyse and manage the causal factors of disasters, including through reduced exposure to hazards, lessened vulnerability of people and property, wise management of land and the environment, and improved preparedness for adverse events. [14]


Standard Definition

See also

Notes

  1. European Climate Adaptation Platform (CLIMATE-ADAPT) Glossary
  2. Caribbean Disaster Emergency Management Agency (CDEMA) Regional Comprehensive Disaster Management Strategy and Results Framework 2014-2024
  3. 2009 UNISDR Terminology on Disaster Risk Reduction
  4. UNISDR glossary
  5. UNISDR glossary
  6. UNISDR glossary
  7. UNISDR glossary
  8. UNISDR glossary in Bahasa
  9. UNISDR glossary in Malay
  10. UNISDR glossary in Tagalog
  11. IPCC, 2012: Glossary of terms. In: Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation [Field, C.B., V. Barros, T.F. Stocker, D. Qin, D.J. Dokken, K.L. Ebi, M.D. Mastrandrea, K.J. Mach, G.-K. Plattner, S.K. Allen, M. Tignor, and P.M. Midgley (eds.). A Special Report of Working Groups I and II of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, and New York, NY, USA, pp. 555-564.]
  12. Vocabulaire de la gestion des urgencies/Emergency Management Emergency Management Vocabulary 281 (2012)
  13. Disaster Risk Reduction Country Profile for Saint Lucia: August 2012
  14. UNJP/VIE/037/UNJ “Strengthening Capacities to Enhance Coordinated and Integrated Disaster Risk Reduction Actions and Adaptation to Climate Change in Agriculture in the Northern Mountain Regions of Viet Nam”