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European Definitions

Other International Definitions


危害 - 一种可能造成人员伤亡或其他健康影响、财产损害、社会和经济混乱或环境退 化的过程、现象或人类活动。[1]

National Definitions


Harm: any negative consequence, such as compromise of, or damage to, or loss of, an asset. [2]

Harm is a physical injury or damage to health, property or the environment. [3]

United States

Hazard is a condition with the potential to cause injury, illness, or death of personnel damage to or loss of equipment or property; or mission degradation (source: JP 3-33). [4]

Harm: any adverse effects that would be experienced by an individual (i.e., that may be socially, physically, or financially damaging) or an organization if the confidentiality of PII were breached. [5]

Standard Definition


Physical injury or damage to health. [6]

See also


  1. UNDRR Terminology on Disaster Risk Reduction in Chinese
  2. Protective Security Policy Framework - Glossary Oct 2017
  3. Australian Emergency Management Glossary, Emergency Management Australia (1998)
  4. Joint Publication 1-02: Department of Defense Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms (2016)
  5. NIST Glossary / NISTIR 8053
  6. ISO 12100:2010 Safety of machinery -- General principles for design -- Risk assessment and risk reduction