Risk Reduction

From CIPedia
Jump to: navigation, search

This term is closely related to the term "Risk Treatment".

Definitions

European Definitions

Council of Europe

Risk reduction is defined as long-term measures to reduce the scale and / or the duration of eventual society which is at risk; by reducing the vulnerability of its people, structures, services, and economic activities to the impact of known disaster hazards. [1]
The measures are frequently subdivided into "structural" and "non-structural", "active" and "passive" measures.

ENISA

Risk Reduction are actions taken to lessen the probability, negative consequences or both, associated with a risk (refers to ISO/IEC Guide 73). [2]

Other International Definitions

UNISDR

UNISDR defines (disaster) risk reduction as the concept and practice of reducing disaster risks through systematic efforts to analyse and manage the causal factors of disasters, including through reduced exposure to hazards, lessened vulnerability of people and property, wise management of land and the environment, and improved preparedness for adverse events. [3]
The term “disaster reduction” is also sometimes used.

National Definitions

Australia

Risk reduction is a selective application of appropriate techniques and management principles to reduce either likelihood of an occurrence or its consequences, or both. [4]



Czech Republic

Redukce rizik: Činnosti ke snížení pravděpodobnosti, negativních následků nebo obou těchto parametrů spojených s rizikem.[5]

Risk reduction is an activity to lower the probability and lessen negative consequences, or both of these parameters linked to risk. [6]


El Salvador

Reducción de riesgos: Medidas compensatorias dirigidas a cambiar o disminuir las condiciones de riesgo existentes. Son medidas de prevención-mitigación y preparación que se adoptan con anterioridad de manera alternativa, prescriptiva o restrictiva, con el fin de evitar que se presente un fenómeno peligroso, o para que no generen daños, o para disminuir sus efectos sobre la población, los bienes y servicios y el ambiente. [7]


Madagascar

Réduction des risques: Application sélective des principes de gestion et des techniques appropriées qui permettent de réduire soit la probabilité d’une catastrophe, soit ses conséquences, soit les deux. [8]


New Zealand

Risk reduction is one of the ‘4 Rs’ of Emergency Management: Risk reduction means identifying and analysing long-term risks to life and property, taking steps to eliminate these risks if practicable, and, if not, reducing the magnitude of their impact and the likelihood of their occurring. [9]


Peru

Reducción del Riesgo: Acciones que se orientan a evitar la generación de nuevos riesgos en la sociedad y a reducir las vulnerabilidades y riesgos existentes en el contexto de la gestión del desarrollo sostenible. [10]


Switzerland

Risikominderung: Massnahmen zur Risikominderung reduzieren entweder die Verwundbarkeit der Risikoelemente gegenüber der Einwirkung von Gefahren oder richten sich unmittelbar an die betriebliche Kontinuität der kritischen Prozesse durch die Schaffung von Redundanz beziehungsweise Ersatz. Redundante Systeme oder Ersatzsysteme ermöglichen die betriebliche Kontinuität kritischer Prozesse im Rahmen des Wiederanlaufmanagements, auch wenn es zur Beeinträchtigung von Risikoelementen kommt. [11]

Réduction des risques: Les mesures de réduction des risques sont de deux ordres: soit elles diminuent la vulnérabilité des éléments de risque face aux incidences de certains aléas, soit elles visent à garantir la continuité opérationnelle des processus critiques en instaurant des systèmes redondants et/ou des systèmes de remplacement: même s’ils peuvent perturber certains elements critiques, ces systèmes ont l’avantage d’assurer une continuité opérationnelle dans le cadre de la gestion de la reprise sur incident. [12]


United States

Decrease in risk through risk avoidance, risk control or risk transfer. [13]

Standard Definition

See also

Notes

  1. GLOSSAIRE MULTILINGUE DE LA GESTION DU RISQUE pour usagers francophones (2007)/European Centre of Technological Safety (TESEC) - TESEC-EUR-OPA 2001)
  2. ENISA Risk Glossary
  3. 2009 UNISDR Terminology on Disaster Risk Reduction
  4. Australian Emergency Management Glossary, Emergency Management Australia (1998)
  5. Výkladový slovník kybernetické bezpečnosti (2013)
  6. Act No. 181 of 23 July 2014 On Cyber Security and Change of Related Acts (Act on Cyber Security)
  7. Glosario de Riesgo, Ministerio de Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales, El Salvador
  8. Stratégie Nationale de Gestion des Risques et des Catastrophes – Madagascar (2014)
  9. The New Zealand Coordinated Incident Management System, Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet, New Zealand. (2014)
  10. Glosario de Términos para la Formulación de Proyectos Ambientales, Peru, 2012
  11. Leitfaden Schutz kritischer Infrastrukturen 2015/Glossar der Risikobegriffe, Bundesamt für Bevölkerungsschutz BABS, 29.4.2013
  12. Guide pour la protection des infrastructures critiques 2015/Glossaire des risques, Office fédéral de la protection de la population, 29.4.2013
  13. DHS Risk Lexicon 2010 Edition, September 2010