Emergency Management

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The term emergency management (gestion de catastrophes | Katastrophenmanagement | emergency management | gestión de emergencia | managementul | gestionarea stării de urgenţă) is related to the terms "Disaster Risk Management" or "Crisis Management" or "Civil Protection"

Definitions

European Definitions

Council of Europe

Emergency management is the body of policy and administrative decisions and operational activities which pertain to the various stages of a disaster at all levels. [1]


Other International Definitions

CARICOM

The organisation and management of resources and responsibilities for addressing all aspects of emergencies, in particular preparedness, response and initial recovery steps. [2]


UNISDR

The organization and management of resources and responsibilities for addressing all aspects of emergencies, in particular preparedness, response and initial recovery steps. [3]

UNISDR considers a crisis or emergency as a threatening condition that requires urgent action. Effective emergency action can avoid the escalation of an event into a disaster. Emergency management involves plans and institutional arrangements to engage and guide the efforts of government, non-government, voluntary and private agencies in comprehensive and coordinated ways to respond to the entire spectrum of emergency needs.

Gestion des mesures d’urgence: Organisation et gestion des ressources et des responsabilités pour traiter tous les aspects de l’urgence, notamment la préparation, l’intervention et les premiers pas vers le redressement. [4]

Управление в чрезвычайных: ситуациях Организация и управление ресурсами и обязанностями для противодействия всем аспектам чрезвычайной ситуации. Это в частности включает обеспечение готовности, реагирование и первоначальные мероприятия по восстановлению. [5]

Gestión de emergencias: La organización y la gestión de los recursos y las responsabilidades para abordar todos los aspectos de las emergencias, especialmente la preparación, la respuesta y los pasos iniciales de la rehabilitación. [6]

إدارة الطوارئ: تنظيم وإدارة الموارد، والمسؤليات للتعامل مع كافة جوانب الطوارئ، وبصفة خاصة الاستعداد والاستجابة والخطوات الأولية للتعافي. [7]

Manajemen keadaan darurat: Penyelenggaraan dan pengelolaan sumber daya dan tanggung jawab untuk menangani segala aspek keadaan darurat, khususnya tahapan kesiapsiagaan, respons dan pemulihan awal. [8]

Pamamahalang Pangkagipitan: Ang pag-oorganisa at pamamahala ng rekurso at mga responsibilidad (pananagutan) para harapin ang lahat ng aspektong pangkagipitan, sa partikular ay ang kahandaan, pagtugon at mga unang hakbang para makarekober. [9]


National Definitions

Australia

Emergency management: a range of measures designed to manage risks to agencies from disasters and emergencies. [10]
Emergency management involves developing and maintaining arrangements to prevent or mitigate, prepare for, respond to, and recover from emergencies and disasters.

Emergency management is a range of measures to manage risks to communities and the environment. [11]

Canada

The management of emergencies concerning all-hazards, including all activities and risk management measures related to prevention and mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery.

Ensemble des activités et des mesures visant la gestion des risques de catastrophes de toute nature et couvrant les dimensions de la prévention et l’atténuation, la préparation, l’intervention et le rétablissement. [12] [13]

Netherlands

Rampenbestrijding betreft het geheel aan maatregelen en voorzieningen inclusief de voorbereidingen) daarop, dat de overheid treft met het oog op een ramp, het voorkomen van een ramp en het beperken van de gevolgen van een ramp.
Emergency management comprises the set of of measures and means (incl. preparations) by the public authorities in preparation for an emergency, in prevention for an emergency to occur, and to reduce the impact of an emergency. [14] [15]

Romania

Gestionare situaţii de urgenţă: Identificarea, înregistrarea şi evaluarea tipurilor de risc şi a factorilor determinanţi ai acestora, înştiinţarea factorilor interesaţi, avertizarea populaţiei, limitarea, înlăturarea sau contracararea factorilor de risc, precum şi a efectelor negative şi a impactului produs de venimentele excepţionale respective. [16]


Switzerland

Mit einem Notfallmanagement (auch Notfallvorsorge genannt) wird eine Organisation darauf vorbereitet, auf eine Notsituation rasch zu reagieren und diese zu bewältigen. [17]

Im Notfallmanagement werden z. B. die Notfallorganisation, die Alarmierungsabläufe, die schematische Reaktion (Sofortmassnahmen) auf bestimmte Notsituationen und Verhaltensanweisungen festgelegt und geschult sowie die Zusammenarbeit mit den Blaulichtorganisationen dokumentiert. Ziel ist es, im Notfall keine Zeit für unnötige Entscheidungen, Anweisungen und die Zuweisung von Kompetenzen zu verlieren. Im Notfallmanagement steht der Schutz von Leib und Leben im Vordergrund. Da es der Bewältigung von Ereignissen dient, kann es aber auch als Teil des Business Continuity Management (BCM) aufgefasst werden oder als Teil des Krisenmanagements, weil Notsituationen als Ausgangspunkt von Krisen aufgefasst werden können.

Gestion des situations d’urgence: Un plan de gestion des situations d’urgence (aussi appelé mesures de précaution) prépare une organisation à réagir et à maîtriser rapidement une situation d’urgence. [18]

La gestion des situations d’urgence fixe notamment les organisations d’urgence, la transmission de l’alarme, la reaction schématique (mesures immédiates) face à certaines situations d’urgence et indique le comportement à adopter. Elle établit aussi comment se déroule la coopération avec les organisations de premiers secours. Son but est qu’en cas d’urgence, on ne perde pas de temps à prendre des decisions inutiles, à donner des directives ou à attribuer des compétences. La gestion des situations d’urgence vise avant tout à protéger la vie et l’intégrité corporelle. Cependant, puisqu’elle sert à maîtriser les événements, elle peut aussi être conçue comme une partie du système de gestion de la continuité des activités (BCM) ou de la gestion de crise, étant donné que des situations d’urgence peuvent être à l’origine de crises.

United States

DHS
The coordination and integration of all activities necessary to build, sustain and improve the capabilities to prepare for, respond to, recover from, or mitigate against threatened or actual disasters or emergencies, regardless of cause. [19]
DERC
The entire process of planning and intervention for rescue and relief to reduce impact of emergencies as well as the response and recovery measures, to mitigate the significant social, economic and environmental consequences to communities and ultimately to the country, usually through an emergency operation centre (EOC). [20]
NFPA
An ongoing process to prevent, mitigate, prepare for, respond to, and recover from an incident that threatens life, property, operations, or the environment. [21]

Standard Definition

ISO 22300:2012(en)

Emergency management is an overall approach preventing and managing emergencies that might occur. [22]

Note: In general, emergency management utilizes a risk management approach to prevention, preparedness, response and recovery before, during and after potentially destabilizing or disruptive events.

Academic definition

Netherlands

Activities that include prevention, preparedness, response, recovery, rehabilitation, advocacy, and legislation, of emergencies irrespective of their type, size, and location, and whose purpose is reduction in death, disability, damage, and destruction.” [23]


Other Definitions

Ontario (Canada)

Emergency management (EM): organized activities undertaken to prevent, mitigate, prepare for, respond to and recover from actual or potential emergencies. [24]

Gestion des situations d’urgence: activités organisées de prévention, d’atténuation, de préparation, d’intervention et de rétablissement, en cas de situation d’urgence réelle ou possible. [24]

See also


Notes

  1. GLOSSAIRE MULTILINGUE DE LA GESTION DU RISQUE pour usagers francophones (2007)/European Centre of Technological Safety (TESEC) - TESEC-EUR-OPA 2001)
  2. Caribbean Disaster Emergency Management Agency (CDEMA) Regional Comprehensive Disaster Management Strategy and Results Framework 2014-2024
  3. 2009 UNISDR Terminology on Disaster Risk Reduction
  4. UNISDR glossary
  5. UNISDR glossary
  6. UNISDR glossary
  7. UNISDR glossary
  8. UNISDR glossary in Bahasa
  9. UNISDR glossary in Tagalog
  10. Protective Security Policy Framework - Glossary Oct 2017
  11. Australian Emergency Management Glossary, Emergency Management Australia (1998)
  12. An Emergency Management Framework for Canada (Second Edition)
  13. Vocabulaire de la gestion des urgencies/Emergency Management Emergency Management Vocabulary 281 (2012)
  14. Wet Veiligheidsregio's article 1
  15. Beter besturen bij rampen, Council for Public Administration/Raad voor het openbaar bestuur(2008)
  16. GLOSAR de termeni din domeniul ordinii şi siguranţei publice, MINISTERUL ADMINISTRAŢIEI ŞI INTERNELOR DIRECŢIA GENERALĂ ORGANIZARE, PLANIFICARE MISIUNI ŞI RESURSE
  17. Leitfaden Schutz kritischer Infrastrukturen 2015
  18. Guide pour la protection des infrastructures critiques 2015/Glossaire des risques, Office fédéral de la protection de la population, 29.4.2013
  19. DHS, Lexicon, October 23, 2007, p. 9
  20. Disaster and Emergency Reference Center, 1998
  21. NFPA 1600, 2007, p. 7
  22. ISO 22300:2012(en) Societal security — Terminology
  23. E. Dykstra, 2003, 03
  24. 24.0 24.1 Province of Ontario’s Emergency Management Glossary of Terms